CHANGE CONTROL

CHANGE CONTROL

Definition: Change control is a formal system by which a qualified representative of appropriate disciplines review proposed and actual changes that might affect the validated status. The intent is to determine the need for action that would ensure that the system is maintained in a validated state.

Types of Change control

  1. Minor change is a change that has minimal potential to have an adverse effect on the identity, strength, quality, purity, or potency of the product as they may relate to the safety or effectiveness of the product.
  2. Major change is a change that has a moderate potential to have an adverse effect on the identity, strength, quality, purity, or potency of the product as they may relate to the safety or effectiveness of the product.
  3. Critical change is a change that has a substantial potential to have an adverse effect on the identity, strength, quality, purity, or potency of a product as they may relate to the safety or effectiveness of the product.

Levels of approval of Change control
“Level -1 signifies the level of approval required to approve a change” Initiator department and the quality assurance department only e.g. SOPs related to single department like operating procedure of equipment’s, cleaning procedure of equipments, etc.

Levels of approval of Change control
“Level -2 signifies level of approval required to approve a change” Initiator department and all other interlinked departments within the plant e.g. Change in SOPs which are being followed at different departments at plant level.

Levels of approval of Change control
“Level -3 signifies level of approval required to approve a change” Initiator department and all other relevant departments (within the plant or outside the plant) including marketing, RA and Quality, and Compliance, etc. e.g. Change Controls which include a change in specifications /STPs / GTPs / Artworks / License related issues / BMR / process change / Vendor change, etc These type of changes may require company’s R.A. department to ask for approval of regulatory agency(ies) that have an impact on regulatory dossiers submissions.

The procedure of Change Control
Fill in the form Initiator department, date, Name & Designation and proposed changes along with proper justification and assess the need of training ahead of initiator department shall assess the type of change and changes required in the interlinked documents and finally countersign on the proposal. Any personnel can propose a change through the “CHANGE CONTROL FORM” Once the form has been signed by the initiator’s department head/designee, the same shall be forwarded to QA.QA personnel shall evaluate the basic requirements of the change control and assess whether change control requires comments/approval from Level 1/2/3.QA personnel allocates a unique number to the change control and log the same number in the “Record of Change Control”

Comments on the change control can be asked from out-stationed departments through /fax All the Concern Department Heads/Designee shall evaluate the change control at their respective ends and give their comments and submit it back to QA for a further action plan. After that QA personnel shall circulate the change control for approval to different department Heads or designees. Head QA or Designee shall approve or reject the change controls based on the sound scientific assessment. After approval Head QA / designee, QA personnel shall send the change intimation to all concerned department heads/designees for planning the implementation of the change control through electronic means of communications. After approval of change control, QA Personnel shall evaluate the implementation of same and shall close the change control only after all documents or any activity mentioned in the change control is closed.

Steps of change control

  • Documenting the change request a formal assessment of the change proper Planning and timeline final Impact assessment of the change implementation of changeFinal assessment after implementation
  • Documenting the change request: When any change is proposed, the request form is filled and change is categorized in minor, major, critical, and recorded, along with informal assessments of the importance of that change and the difficulty of implementing it.
  • A formal assessment of the changeThe justification for the change and risks and benefits of making/not making the change is evaluated. If the change request is accepted, a change control review team will be assigned. If the change request is rejected, that fact is documented and communicated to the Initiator.
  • Proper Planning and timeline The review team responsible for the change reviews approval or rejection, implementation, and plans properly for its implementation within the timeline.
  • The final Impact assessment of the changeThe review team does the correct impact assessment of the change with respect to GMP. If the change is found to have no impact on GMP and it is improving for the system, then the review team requests approval and gives the timeline for implementation.
  • Implementation of change The review team also verifies the implementation status of the change after approval and the timeline of the change implementation.
  • Final assessment after implementation If the initiator, review team, and QA are satisfied that the change was implemented satisfactorily, the change request is closed.

REMEMBER!

If a Change Control is pending approval for more than 30 working days from the date of login, it is the discretion of the Head QA or designee to approve or reject the change control.QA personnel shall take the re-evaluation of the change controls after every three months or need-based.

 

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