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Operating Procedure for Incinerator

  • Objective :To lay down a procedure for Operation of Incinerator.
  • Scope :This Standard Operating Procedure is applicable for the formulation plant of pharmaceutical company.


  • Responsibility:
  • Concerned Technician/Operator shall be responsible for operating the Incinerator as per this SOP.
  • Officer/ Executive- Engineering shall be responsible for the implementation of this SOP.
  • Accountability:Head Engineering and shall be responsible for compliance of this SOP.
  • Abbreviations and Definitions:
  • MCC : Machine control Center
  • ID Fan : Induced Draft Fan
  • FD Fan : Forced Draft Fan
  • SOP : Standard Operating Procedure
  • ETP : Effluent Treatment Plant
  • pH :Negative of log of hydrogen ion concentration
  • HSD : High Speed diesel
  • HSD : High Speed Diesel
  • Procedure
  • Pre-Start up 
  • Ensure that there shall be sufficient HSD in the storage tank which will be available near to Incinerator plant.
  • Collect the Hazardous Waste material.
  • Closed the drain Valve of the Wet Scrubber / Ventury Scrubber Tank and Condensate traps.
  • Fill the Wet Scrubber Tank with water.
  • Prepared 5% caustic solution in the Ventury Scrubber tank

Note:-  5 % Caustic Solution-5gm caustic w/v in 100 ml water.

  • Start the Wet Scrubber Recirculation Pump for recirculation from Wet Scrubber to tank ensuring smooth functioning.
  • Start the Ventury Scrubber Recirculation Pump for recirculation from Ventury Scrubber to tank ensuring smooth functioning.
  • Open the FD air valve of the Primary & Secondary chamber.
  • Operation of
    • Start the ID and FD fan
    • Set the temperature as follows:-
    • PRIMARY CHAMBER: 850 0C ± 50oC
    • SECONDARY CHAMBER: 1050 0C ± 50oC
  • Switch ON Primary Chamber Burner and allow the temperature to reach to 5000
  • Now Switch ON Secondary Chamber Burner and allow the temperature to reach to 1000.
  • Note the Pre heat Start Time for Secondary Chamber as per Annexure-I.
  • Immediately closed the door.
  •  All other operations shall be carried out simultaneously while the Incinerator is in operation.
  • As burning is over, allow it to cool for at least half an hour. Open the Charging door and look for space available for charging next lot.
  • If ash accumulates in the Primary chamber, pull it by opening the de-ashing  door.
  • Charge the material again after cleaning the ash from the first lot.
  • Check the pH of the wet scrubber and ensure that it shall be always neutral.
  • Drain the Condensate trap time to time, drain shall be discharged in ETP.
  • During operation, water from Wet Scrubber shall be replenished from time to time and shall be discharged in ETP.
  • The Caustic Concentration shall also be replenished from time to time and shall be discharged in ETP.
  • Forms and Annexure:
  • Logbook of Incinerator : Annexure-I
  • Distribution:
  • Master Copy – Documentation Cell
  • Controlled Copies – Engineering, Production, Quality Assurance,Warehouse, Quality Control, Administration and Housekeeping.
  • History
Date Revision Number Reason for Revision
00 New SOP







About Pharmaceutical Guidanace

Mr. Shiv Kumar is the Author and founder of pharmaceutical guidance, he is a pharmaceutical Professional from India having more than 14 years of rich experience in pharmaceutical field. During his career, he work in quality assurance department with multinational company’s i.e Zydus Cadila Ltd, Unichem Laboratories Ltd, Indoco remedies Ltd, Panacea Biotec Ltd, Nectar life Science Ltd. During his experience, he face may regulatory Audit i.e. USFDA, MHRA, ANVISA, MCC, TGA, EU –GMP, WHO –Geneva, ISO 9001-2008 and many ROW Regularities Audit i.e.Uganda,Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe. He is currently leading a regulatory pharmaceutical company as a head Quality. You can join him by Email, Facebook, Google+, Twitter and YouTube

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